As global poverty related problems are on the rise, industries awareness of ethical and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) issues can effectively eliminate the issue of detrimental reputation matters to deliver sustainable earnings through free trade. Free trade is according to source defines as an organized social undertaking that endorses market-based approach in the production practice for the expansion of developing nations.
While the long-standing challenges for free trade have decline, the different challenges happen with widespread concern that trade freedom will deprive the unskilled in the rich nations. However, resourceful demands for fair trade over supplies for free trade have increased and gaining motion. On the other hand, Bhagwati suggests the misconception of Globalization has been moderated in the notion that when improvements from trade diminish because of few threats in a foreign country, government policy response to restrict free trade as justification will only get worse is tangible.
Miles and Scott underline that world trade is growing at a faster rate than World GDP leading to increased overall exchanges as the deviations of trade impact the scale of a country’s increases from trade. Comparative advantage shows that all countries can profit from free trade regardless of low levels of productivity. Similarly trade has significant distributional repercussion; some areas gain and others fail even if the entire country benefits. Thus trade and income gaps reveal productivity changes across nations. The cumulative returns by some industries with imperfect competition could benefit from trade restrictions or subsidies are inconsistent to comparative advantage prompting trade battle among nations.
Therefore political economy besides confidential importance clarify why governments implement economic policies that are not economically effectual but under certain conditions free trade mechanism can be beneficial. However, income disparities study conducted by Jackson and his associate suggest 72% of the world’s output is created by only 16 percent of the world’s citizens and that the income gap is widening validating the present increasing social unrest and instability of the poorer nations.
For now, the Prahad’s suggestions of ‘inclusive capitalism’ to define profit-making business openings which deliver social benefits is well-supported by researcher who argues strong understanding of CSR and business ethics are vital to providing value to the world’s poor. These value creation views appear to be a way out and businesses should embrace such practices to promote sustainable business outcome.